THE ETHICS AND LOGISTICS OF THE TEA TRADE
PRESENTED BY AMANDA PENN AND ANGELA PRYCE
PART 1: ETHICS - AMANDA PENN
There is much more to tea, of course, than what you see in the cup. Today’s customers, both corporate and individual consumers, want to understand where products come from and require assurance that the people who make and grow them are treated and paid fairly, and that the environment is not harmed in the growing and processing of these products.
- What are the key ethical risks in the tea supply chain?
- What should tea businesses be doing to ensure they are selling a product they can be proud of?
Come to learn and discuss practical steps to ensure your tea business is a truly sustainable one.
ABOUT AMANDA PENN
Amanda Penn has worked at the Ethical Tea Partnership (ETP) coordinating supply chain assurance programmes for major tea brands and packers for over 10 years. She overseesprojects to improve the lives of tea workers and the sustainability of tea supply chains in Asian tea origins, namely China, India, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. Prior to joining the ETP Amanda worked as a researcher for Ethical Investment Research Services (EIRIS), a sustainable development officer for the US Department of Agriculture, and as an English teacher in Japan. She holds an MA in International Affairs from the George Washington University, Washington, DC.
PART 2: LOGISTICS - ANGELA PRYCE:
- Brief recap on bush to pack
- Sorting and grading
- What constitutes an invoice?
- Factory packaging
- Route to sales market
The auction system; auction catalogues, how it works, manual vs. electronic bidding, the role of the tea broker, auction centres worldwide and weekly auction timetable, transparency
Private contract, how it works
- via tea producers; single estate or producing group
- via tea traders in origin
- via tea traders or retailers in market (e.g. EU or UK)
The growing calender and seasonality
Seafreight; past (the tea clipper) to now, containerised FCL vs. LCL, pros and cons
Airfreight; pros and cons
The most common terms and what they mean
Import legislation to be considered; pesticides, heavy metals
Retail pack options
Teabags vs. loose
Teabag types (double chamber, pillow, round, pyramid)
Examples of teabag packing machines (constanta, perfecta, fuso)
Cartons vs. tins vs. pouch – considerations of each
Helps to define where ownership, risk and the responsibilities of buyers (generally importers) and sellers (generally exporters) transfer throughout the delivery process
ABOUT ANGELA PRYCE
A renowned tea expert, Angela runs an independent consultancy service for businesses across the globe. With over 16 years experience, Angela has travelled and tasted her way around many of the world's tea estates and much of her career has been with speciality tea company Twinings, where she worked as a master tea buyer and blender. Angela writes about tea, and is frequently interviewed on international TV and radio.